It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable. Some species from this family were formerly placed in the Chenopodiaceae or Portulacaceae ().Basella cananifolia is an invalid name for B. alba (The Plant List, 2013). The stem of the Basella alba is green with green leaves and the stem of the cultivar Basella alba 'Rubra' is reddish-purple; the leaves form green and as the plant reaches maturity, older leaves will develop a purple pigment starting at the base of the leaf and work towards the end. Malabar spinach (Basella alba or Basella rubra) is not a true spinach, but rather a climbing vine in a class by itself. Learn how and when to remove this template message. ASSAMESE : ৰঙাপূৰৈ Ronga puroi, ৰঙাপূৰৈ শাক Ronga puroi sak. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Basella thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. Raf. It can be grown as an annual, leafy vegetable for the cultivation of its edible, spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. In case of medicinal use, always consult it with your doctor . Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23 - 27°c, but can tolerate 10 - 35°c Stems are purplish or green. In the Philippines, the leaves of this vegetable are one of the main ingredients in an all vegetable dish called utan that is served over rice. Linnaeus published B. rubra and B. alba as two distinct species in Species Plantarum, separating them by leaf characters and the stem colour. Vegetables. Provided by ... Basella rubra L. ... Basella alba L. – Ceylon spinach Subordinate Taxa. Genus : Basella Species : alba Basella alba is a wildly cultivated, cool season vegetable with climbing growth habit. In Mangalorean Tuluva cuisine, a coconut based gravy called gassi is paired with the Basella plant, making a delicacy called Basale gassi to be eaten with rice dumplings called pundi soaked overnight in the gravy, or with red rice. In Gujarat, fresh big and tender leaves are washed, dipped in besan mix and deep-fried to make crispy pakodas, popularly called "poi na bhajia". Basella volubilis Salisb. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae. In Tamil it is called pasalakeerai. Basella belongs to Basellaceae family. ex L. Homonyms Basella alba L. Common names Acelga trepadora in language. rubra L., Basella alba L. var. [citation needed] Flowering is induced during the short-day months of the year. It appears in two forms, green one, called in latin Basella alba (alba means white and refer to its white flowers) and Basella rubra (rubra means red) with highly ornamental bordo-red stems and veins of leaves. Mature Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. It is often used in stir-frys and soups. This plant is native to South Asia. KB; Other Data. Malabarský špenát - Bazel - málo známá zelenina - predaj semien. [citation needed]. Basella alba L. (Synonym: Basella rubra Roxb.) Gandola rubra Rumph. Beary Muslims of coastal Karnataka prepare Basalede kunhi pindi (small rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach and dried tuna ). The literal meaning of its Latin name (Basella alba) is Small White Pedestal. Basella alba is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres. – green (Basella alba) and red (Basella alba cv. Basella alba Plant List: Pharmacognosy and biochemical studies of Basella alba L. Herbs from Distant Lands: Basella alba, Basella rubra - Malabar Spinach Prominence, consumption and popularization of this plant which is rich in antioxidants and organics, is important not only because of its nutritious value but also because it can be a. is an extremely heat tolerant (Grubben and Denton, 2004), fast growing perennial vine which belongs to family Basellaceae (Rathee et al., 2010). Other common names include Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Creeping Spinach, and Ceylon Spinach. Podmienka Nový produkt. malabraský špenát, bazela, basela rubra, semiačka špenátu, predaj semien zeleniny, listová zelenina. Malabar Spinach (Basella alba 'Rubra') - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Basella alba bears thick, fleshy, broad, oval to heart­shaped leaves all along its vine length while Basella rubra features pink or purplish stems and pink colour veins running in the leaves. Malabar spinach, Basella alba Many people like to eat spinach throughout the year, but true spinach (Spinacea oleracea) doesn’t grow well in hot weather. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Basella (vine spinach) nutrition facts. There are two types of Malabar spinach: Basella alba, producing green stems and leaves, and Basella rubra, producing reddish leaves and stems. It is usually cooked with sardines, onions, garlic, and parsley. Malabar spinach, Basella alba, is a popular green leafy vegetable in other parts of the world. The stem when crushed usually emits a strong scent. The synonyms of species are B. rubra and B. cordifolia. The red variety has attractive red stems and pink veins on leaves. It is also called Malabar Spinach. The combination has been found to increase testosterone in rats, and Basella appears to be more active in this regard. SYNONYM(S) : Basella rubra L., Basella alba L. var. ENGLISH : Red Ceylon spinach, Red-stemmed Malabar spinach, Red vine spinach. Cultivated as a leaf vegetable. There are two varieties - green and red. The Basellaceae family comprises four genera and 20 species. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Basella or vine spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable, commonly grown as backyard herb in the home gardens.. Vine-spinach belongs to the Basellaceae family and has two chief cultivars, Basella alba, which features green- stems and deep-green leaves, and Basella rubra with purplish stems and dark green leaves with pink veins. Číslo tovaru: 1003229. Has 10 Synonyms. It has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has antioxidant properties. Botanical Name: Basella alba ruba. Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies.It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as (1) an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or (2) as an ornamental foliage vine. A tropical perennial, Malabar spinach can also be grown as an annual, and flourishes in hot, humid climates and moist, fertile, well-drained soils. though can be easily grown and used. Basella alba is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Basella / Vine Spinach is also known as Malabar spinach and has another name as per different regions. The plant is native to tropical Asia. Basella rubra L. Common Name(s): Ceylon spinach [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record ... Basella alba : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Basella alba CHINESE : Hong chan cai (Cantonese Hung shan tsoi), Hong teng cai (Cantonese Hung tang tsoi), Zi … It is rich in vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. rubra L., Basella alba L. 'Rubra' CHINESE : Hong chan cai (Cantonese Hung shan tsoi), Hong teng cai (Cantonese Hung tang tsoi), Zi luo kui, Zi ruan teng, Zi bei teng cai. CHINESE: Mu er cai, Hong teng cai, Hong chan cai, Zi luo kui, Zi ruan teng, Zi bei teng cai, Yan zhi cai. 75 Exciting Vegetables for Your Garden '' - Jack Staub, Gibbs Smith 2009, http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379753858_Kumar%20et%20al.pdf, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110002680, http://www.sphinxsai.com/2012/july_sept12/Pharm/pdfpharm/PT=02(900-913)JS%2012.pdf, http://www.globinmed.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79070:basella-alba-l, http://www.stuartxchange.com/Alugbati.html, http://cagayandeoro.da.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/ALUGBATI.pdf, http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-73617-9_3#page-1, http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene9529.html, http://www.survivalfoodplants.com/malabar-indian-spinach-basella-alba/, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21339992, http://examine.com/supplements/Basella+alba/, Basella alba, Basella rubra - Malabar Spinach. Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields. virescens Moq. [1], Basella alba is known under various common names, including Malabar spinach, vine spinach, and Ceylon spinach. rubra, often listed as Basella rubra). & Denton, O.A. There are a number of other plants that are grown to use as a spinach substitute. Do you have any information about whether any parts of the plant can be used to dye fabric? It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. It has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has antioxidant properties. In Andhra Pradesh, a southern state in India, a curry of Basella and Yam is made popularly known as Kanda Bachali Koora [yam and Basella curry]. But lack of other differences in its outlook is bringing those names to be interchanged in use for both varieties together. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Even though there have been many scientifical studies that confirmed its healing actions, its traditional medical applications (Ayourveda and Sidha) are mainly forgotten. In the Western Ghats in Maharashtra, India, it is used to make bhaji. It grows best in sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0. Basella nigra Lour. Gandola rubra Rumph. Leaves are fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 … Introduced in Europe, China, tropical Africa, USA (southeast), Caribbean, Brazil The vegetable is used in Chinese cuisine. Basella alba grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates and in areas lower than 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level. This tender perennial native to tropical Asia, likely India and Sri Lanka or Indonesia (hardy only to zone 10), is easily grown as an annual during the heat of summer. Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine, reaching 10 metres (33 ft) in length. Basella alba L. 'Rubra' . ... Basella alba - semená špenátu - semiačka - 17 ks. Flowers are bisexual, red or white in lax peduncled spikes. Basella Alba is a herb used commonly alongside Hibiscus macranthus for the purpose of fertility. Hi, I love your photos of this interesting plant. It is rich in vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. This blog is dedicated to herbs from all over the globe that are still unknown in many countries [2][3][4], Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine, reaching 10 metres (33 ft) in length. Basella / Vine Spinach is also known as Malabar spinach and has another name as per different regions. The young leaves can be eaten raw and the larger leaves are cooked and depending on the regional cuisines it can be added to soups, in stir fries, curries etc. A common Mangalorean dish is "Valchi bhaji and shrimp - curry". Herbarium Catalogue (25 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Basella rubra L. Basella volubilis Salisb. In Africa, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used. It's also used to make the snack item bachali koora bajji. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). rubra (L.) Stewart. Basella alba / rubra have long tradition of use for its nutritious and medicinal values, but even in South-east Asia it seems to be out off mainstream herbalism. Malabar spinach (Basella alba or Basella rubra) is not a true spinach, but rather a climbing vine in a class by itself. In Vietnam, where it is called mồng tơi, it is cooked with shrimp, crab meat, luffa and jute to make soup. FRENCH : Baselle rouge, Epinard de Malabar à tiges rouges. There are two types, Basella alba and Basella rubra. basella rubra pestovanie, basella rubra, basella rubra pěstování, malabar špenát, malabarský špenát, semena malabar špenát, seminka basella alba, špenát okrasný, spenat Basella rubra, jak … General information about Basella alba (BADAL) India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia. Eat raw onion in salads daily. In Odisha, & West Bengal India, it is used to make Curries and Saaga (any type of dish made from green leafy vegetables is called Saaga in Odisha). It is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. Basella alba refers to green stemmed variety and Basella rubra to redish stem variety, but both are same species of the plant. Plant database entry for Malabar Spinach (Basella alba 'Rubra') with 30 images, one comment, and 23 data details. BENGALI: Puishak, Puin sang. Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. Malabar spinach, Basella alba, is a popular green leafy vegetable in other parts of the world. Noteworthy Characteristics. Even though it’s not a true spinach, it has the same taste. SYNONYM(S) : Basella rubra L., Basella alba L. var. But its scientificaly proven medicinal values are mostly unknown and used mainly in traditional medicine. '' ASSAMESE: Ronga puroi, Ronga puroi sak. In Bengali cuisine it is widely used both in a vegetable dish, cooked with red pumpkin, and in non-vegetarian dishes, cooked with the bones of the Ilish fish and may also be cooked with shrimps. Gandola nigra (Lour.) It can tolerate both [6], Historically, the red variety of Basella alba has also been used to make red dye in China.[7]. Basella rubra L. is a synonym of Basella alba L. The Plant List: Basella alba L. is an accepted name The Plant List: Other vernacular names: ARABIC: Malabar. Like spinach Basella alba and Basella rubra it is a very versatile vegetable. [citation needed] Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. [citation needed]. Basella alba L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. It has many names including flowing water vegetable. Basella alba L. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank ... Basella rubra var. Basella alba which features dark green leaves and green stem while Basella rubra feature purplish stems and deep-green leaves with pink veins. Basella alba L. 'Rubra' . It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. It is also known as daento or valchi bhaji in Konkani. Thank you. Only ripe fruits can be used as dye, but from experience I know that stains from fruits juice are washing off, and I don't know if there is any way to make that colour stay on fabric. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Uses and Health Benefits of Alugbati / Malabar Spinach", University of Florida Agricultural Extension, Evaluation of tropical leaf vegetables in the Virgin Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basella_alba&oldid=987553129, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 20:05. Malabar spinach can be found at many Asian supermarkets, as well as farmers' markets. Malabar Spinach is a tropical climbing vine probably native to India's Malabar Coast or Indonesia. Its taxonomical classification is as given below:- Grubben, G.J.H. Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long. Gandola nigra (Lour.) 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How and when to remove this template message Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia 10 and frost! Stem variety, but both are same species of the moist tropics, where it is found elevations! Suitable for: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and red ( Basella cv. Hi, I love your photos of this interesting plant about Basella alba is a very vegetable. The stem when crushed usually emits a strong scent climbing vine probably native to the Indian,..., Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia herbaceous vine, several meters in length both varieties together basella rubra vs basella alba be... L. – Ceylon spinach in flower from May to September, and spinach... Leaf characters and the stem when crushed usually emits a strong scent is native to 's... 2004 ) plant resources of tropical Africa, the West Indies, Fiji and french Polynesia with. Stem variety, but both are same species of the year stemmed variety and Basella rubra puroi, ৰঙাপূৰৈ Ronga! 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